The architecture of systems and applications is one of those investments that will be appreciated for years to come. Good and well-thought-out architecture is the foundation that will allow you to avoid unnecessary work and additional costs during the development of an application or a system. Project errors can, over time, turn out to be a barrier to development and a wall that business will bounce off whenever trying to introduce new solutions and applications. Find out how to avoid such problems and when to decide to hire IT architects.

What is IT architecture?

Striving to order and simplify is human nature. It is the same in the complex and dynamic IT world. A well-thought-out and ordered architecture allows you to maintain control over the enormous number of elements. But what do we mean by “IT Architecture”?

The concept of architecture covers several areas:

  • IT architecture – this is the broadest term that applies to IT infrastructure, meaning all devices, software, applications, solutions and processes in the company.
  • Architecture of systems and applications – defines the way in which software functions in the ecosystem and how it communicates with its other elements. In order to achieve optimal results, the architecture should be created based on an analysis of processes in the organization.
  • Data architecture – defines models of collecting, processing, organizing and storing data, as well as the method of managing and integrating this data (ETL processes – Extract, Transform, Load, and ESB – Enterprise Service Buses)
  • Test architecture – includes a comprehensive description of the developed software test architecture and the dependencies of modules in the ecosystem, specifying the steps and techniques of testing.
  • Cybersecurity architecture – defines standards and best practices for network and system security. It consists of the analysis of network protocols, physical device configuration, anti-virus software, encryption techniques, etc. In order to ensure proper functioning in this area, companies employ people in positions such as IT Security Architect, Security Engineer and Security Software Developers.

What is systems and application architecture?

In the era of Digital Transformation, companies are increasingly often deciding to implement new solutions. As we know, every project should start with a requirements analysis, which is the absolute basis of any product implementation or launch. Only then it is possible to suggest the optimal architecture.

Since good architecture is the foundation that allows you to build on the potential of an organization, it is worth spending time on a thorough analysis of the requirements. It all starts with the key question: “What is my goal?”. Having a defined goal, we consider how and within what timeframe we want to achieve it, therefore we must ask ourselves:

  • How do I want to develop my systems and applications?
  • Do I plan to implement new solutions, and if so, when?
  • What are my business needs now and what will they be in 5 or 10 years’ time?
  • What tasks should the architecture fulfil (e.g. the integration of existing solutions with other applications, the possibility of development, adding new components)
  • Do I plan to transfer services to the increasingly popular cloud?

Good systems and applications architecture is one that fulfils the task which it is designed for. If you have difficulty defining your goal and in turn it prevents you from starting new projects, consult experienced IT architects. Such specialists provide consulting support, carry out individual analysis and build systems using only proven solutions and technologies.

System architecture – the most common problems

  • The application architecture does not meet the business requirements – the market is dynamic, and the architecture of the implemented systems and applications should enable continuous development, be flexible, and allow for the use of the most recent technologies. Regardless of whether the company is undergoing a comprehensive transformation or is implementing a single application, a common problem in IT projects is the lack of a defined project goal, and implementation is carried out without an analysis of our needs. The result? Wasting money on a solution that does not pay for itself and does not bring any business value. A good architect will always pay attention to this type of issue, ask for clarification of business requirements and propose the optimal architecture.
  • The solution is expensive to maintain – in projects, it may be that everything goes smoothly at the implementation stage, and only with time does the solution turn out not to be scalable. As a result, instead of saving, the company has to invest in expensive equipment. The IT architect creates optimal solutions based on proven technologies and new possibilities, such as the cloud.
  • Architecture fails to meet safety standards – “Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong”. Nowhere is this truer than in the case of cybersecurity architecture. Cyberattacks and data leakage can happen to any company, and in 2020 IT security became an important aspect of investments. According to available studies, the threat of cyberattacks is growing by  30%, and cybersecurity audits and tests allow you to minimize this risk.

Do I need an IT architect?

Architects or IT engineers are specialists with broad competences, and demand for their services is increasing. These professionals are difficult to recruit and their rates are among the highest on the market. No wonder, as IT solutions architects are valuable and the most experienced developers for whom the role of an architect is a natural step in their IT career. Who would not wish to have a specialist who will not only analyze and design the way a given application functions in the system, but also take care of security and help to outline long-term strategy, as part of a project?

Tasks and skills of an IT architect:

  • Designing IT systems and supervising the implementation and compliance with security policies
  • Knowledge of the tools and techniques required to maintain architecture
  • Analysis of business requirements in cooperation with a business analyst
  • Business sense and expertise in programming
  • High-level understanding of IT architecture and business architecture and the ability to build a long-term strategy
  • Solid foundations of software engineering and support of developers
  • Knowledge of the latest technological trends and developing technologies
  • Connecting the past with the future – the architect implements new components and maintains the existing ones, making sure that all the elements work together.
  • Connecting the world of IT and administration – knowledge of DevOps techniques and tools

Summary

A good and well-thought-out architecture of systems and applications is becoming increasingly important, and the dynamic market forces the development of and increased expenditure on new systems and cybersecurity. Investments in these solutions pay off and allow companies to save in the long run. This is the easiest way to minimize the risk of ill-considered implementation.

Author:
Project Manager


In the IT industry as well as in Service and Project Management
for over 10 years. Paweł has experience in working with Agile teams as a Project Manager, and currently in JCommerce he is a Delivery Manager. In his daily work, he values ​​the possibility of supporting clients from various industries and building relationships in project teams based on mutual trust.

Comment

CONTACT US!

Would you like to learn more about the possibilities of cooperation? Do you have a question? Write to us!

    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for commercial purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for marketing purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for recruitment purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for future recruitment purposes.
    I have been informed by JCommerce Sp. z o.o., 3 Ks. Piotra Sciegiennego St. 40-114 Katowice – the personal data controller – that: - The provision of the aforementioned personal data is voluntary but essential for commercial purposes if I have chosen a request for proposal, or recruitment purposes, if I have chosen the remaining options;
    - I have the right to access the content of my data, including to receive copies of it and correct it, delete it and limit the processing of it, as well as the right to transfer it, the right to object to the processing of it, and the right to withdraw my consent at any time. However, the withdrawal of my consent shall not affect the lawfulness of processing carried out on the basis of the consent in question prior to its withdrawal;
    - A statement of withdrawal of my consent to the processing of personal data should be submitted to the headquarters of JCommerce Sp. z o.o. or sent to the following e-mail address: zgody@jcommerce.pl. The withdrawal of consent to the processing of personal data shall result in the inability to fulfil the aforementioned processing purposes;
    - The personal data provided shall be shared by JCommerce Sp. z o.o. with the company’s authorised employees and individuals collaborating with JC under civil-law contracts, who are involved in the implementation of the purpose of the processing;
    - The data provided shall be processed on the basis of the relevant provisions of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), ‘GDPR’;
    - Should you have any questions regarding the protection of your personal data, please contact us by e-mail: odo@jcommerce.pl;
    - The personal data provided shall be processed for the purpose for which it was supplied, or until I express my objection in this regard. In the event of filing an objection, JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall no longer process my personal data for the aforementioned purposes, unless it can demonstrate that there are valid and legally justified grounds overriding my interests, rights and freedoms or my data is necessary to establish, pursue or defend a claim, if any;
    - I have the right to file a complaint to the supervisory authority if I consider that the processing of the aforementioned personal data violates the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation of 27 April 2016.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for commercial purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for marketing purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for recruitment purposes.
    I hereby agree that JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall process my personal data (hereinafter ‘personal data’), such as my name, surname, e-mail address, telephone number and company name, for future recruitment purposes.
    I have been informed by JCommerce Sp. z o.o., 3 Ks. Piotra Sciegiennego St. 40-114 Katowice – the personal data controller – that: - The provision of the aforementioned personal data is voluntary but essential for commercial purposes if I have chosen a request for proposal, or recruitment purposes, if I have chosen the remaining options;
    - I have the right to access the content of my data, including to receive copies of it and correct it, delete it and limit the processing of it, as well as the right to transfer it, the right to object to the processing of it, and the right to withdraw my consent at any time. However, the withdrawal of my consent shall not affect the lawfulness of processing carried out on the basis of the consent in question prior to its withdrawal;
    - A statement of withdrawal of my consent to the processing of personal data should be submitted to the headquarters of JCommerce Sp. z o.o. or sent to the following e-mail address: zgody@jcommerce.pl. The withdrawal of consent to the processing of personal data shall result in the inability to fulfil the aforementioned processing purposes;
    - The personal data provided shall be shared by JCommerce Sp. z o.o. with the company’s authorised employees and individuals collaborating with JC under civil-law contracts, who are involved in the implementation of the purpose of the processing;
    - The data provided shall be processed on the basis of the relevant provisions of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), ‘GDPR’;
    - Should you have any questions regarding the protection of your personal data, please contact us by e-mail: odo@jcommerce.pl;
    - The personal data provided shall be processed for the purpose for which it was supplied, or until I express my objection in this regard. In the event of filing an objection, JCommerce Sp. z o.o. shall no longer process my personal data for the aforementioned purposes, unless it can demonstrate that there are valid and legally justified grounds overriding my interests, rights and freedoms or my data is necessary to establish, pursue or defend a claim, if any;
    - I have the right to file a complaint to the supervisory authority if I consider that the processing of the aforementioned personal data violates the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation of 27 April 2016.